OF THE FIDE FOR CHESS COMPOSITIONS (PCCC)
47th Meeting in Halkidiki, Greece, 4th – 11th September 2004
John Rice, Great Britain, President
Hannu Harkola, Finland, 1st Vice-President
Uri Avner, Israel, 2nd Vice-President
Kjell Widlert, Sweden, 3rd Vice-President
Paul Valois, Great Britain, Secretary
Helmut Zajic, Austria, Delegate
Aleksandr Mikholap, Belarus, Delegate
Ignaas Vandemeulebroucke, Belgium, Delegate
Fadil Abdurahmanovic, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Delegate
Petko Petkov, Bulgaria, Delegate
Zvonimir Hernitz, Croatia, Delegate
Michal Dragoun, Czech Republic, Delegate
Bjørn Enemark, Denmark, Delegate
Michel Caillaud, France, Delegate
David Gurgenidze, Georgia, Delegate
bernd ellinghoven, Germany, Delegate
Byron Zappas, Greece, Delegate
Zoltán Laborczi, Hungary, Delegate
Francesco Simoni, Italy, Delegate
Tadashi Wakashima, Japan, Delegate
Vidmantas Satkus, Lithuania, Delegate
Zivko Janevski, Macedonia, Delegate
Piet le Grand, Netherlands, Deputy for H. le Grand
Wladyslaw Rosolak, Poland, Delegate
Ion Murãrasu, Romania, Delegate
Jakov Vladimirov, Russia, Delegate
Marjan Kovacevic, Serbia & Montenegro, Delegate
Bedrich Formánek, Slovakia, Delegate and Honorary President
Marko Klasinc, Slovenia, Delegate
Thomas Maeder, Switzerland, Delegate
Evgeny Reitsen, Ukraine, Delegate
Mike Prcic, USA, Delegate
Other people who contributed actively included: Harry Fougiaxis, Kostas Prentos,
Pavlos Moutecidis, Themis Argirakopoulos, Ioannis Fougiaxis and Ioannis Garoufalidis
(organisation), Yochanan Afek, Juraj Brabec, Günter Büsing, Gady Costeff,
Paz Einat, Hans Gruber, Marek Kolcák, Nikolai Kralin, Piotr Murdzia,
John Roycroft, Andrei Selivanov, Axel Steinbrink, Colin Sydenham (sub-committees),
Brian Stephenson, Peter Bakker, Ward Stoffelen, Neal Turner (WCSC and Open Solving
§1 Opening address
President John Rice opened the meeting and welcomed delegates and observers
to the first Congress to be held in Greece. He thanked Harry Fougiaxis and his
helpers for their invitation and good organisation.
The President announced with regret the death of many persons prominent in
chess composition, in particular that of the former Hungarian delegate and Honorary
Member László Lindner (23.12.1916 – 21.8.2004).
The Commission stood in memory of him and of the following:
Henk Boumeester, Netherlands 24.8.1917 – 13.1.2004
Hans Burbach, Netherlands 5.11.1921 – 15.11.2003
Luciano Camara, Argentina 7.1.1916 – 3.2004
Ivan Ezdin, Russia 10.9.1933 – 14.2.2003
Eliahu Fasher, Israel 31.10.1920 – 30.3.2004
Boris Gusev, Russia 1944 – 4.6.2004
Josef Haas, Germany 28.1.1922 – 11.2003
Edgar Holladay, USA 26.10.1925 – 8.9.2003
Stanislav Ilyasov, Russia 2.7.1938 – 19.12.2002
Alois Johandl, Austria 30.6.1931 – 9.7.2004
Aleksandr Kalinin, Russia 11.11.1914 – 2004
Pantelis Martoudis, Greece 1925 – 2004
Aleksei Mironov, Belarus 1939 – 2001
Marcello Montanari, Italy 14.11.1909 – 1997
Philipp Mottet, Switzerland 1934 – 25.2.2004
Miomir Nedeljkovic, Serbia & Montenegro 26.7.1932 – 2004
Anders Olsson, Sweden 1.1901 – 22.1.2004
Hans-Jakob Schudel, Switzerland 28.8.1915 – 3.2.2004
Karel Sobek, Czech Republic 6.2.1908 – 25.5.2004
Walter Supp, Germany 14.8.1943 – 2004
Gennady Svyatov, Russia d. 2004
Pieter van Dalfsen, Netherlands 19.12.1920 – 29.11.2003
Claus Wedekind, Germany 5.10.1934 – 13.7.2004
Joe Youngs, USA 25.2.1926 – 25.5.2004
Hector Zucal, Argentina 23.6.1920 – 4.2004
The death of Winfried Kuhn on 3.9.2004 was announced during the week.
The President also paid tribute to three former delegates on their retirement
as Commission members: Newman Guttman, who had represented the USA since the
inception of the PCCC in 1958, Virgil Nestorescu (Romania) and Josip Varga (Croatia).
Upon the President’s proposal, Newman Guttman was unanimously elected an Honorary
Member of the Commission. The President also thanked three people for their
excellent work in producing publications on behalf of the Commission: Zivko
Janevski (award brochure for the 7th WCCT), bernd ellinghoven and Denis Blondel
§3 Verification of Attendance and Voting Rights
31 member countries out of 39 were represented. The meeting was declared legal.
The following countries were not represented: Azerbaijan, Brazil, Estonia, Kazakhstan,
Latvia, Moldova, Mongolia and Spain.
§4 Approval of the Moscow Minutes 2003
The President made a correction in Paragraph 10: Terminology. "Terminology
of motives" should read "Terminology of motifs". There being
no further comments or objections, the Minutes were approved.
§5 Membership of the Standing Sub-Committees
1. WCCT: U.Avner Spokesman, B.Formánek, b.ellinghoven, Z.Janevski, E.Reitsen,
J.Rice, F.Simoni, J.Vladimirov, B.Zappas
2. WCCI: M.Klasinc Spokesman, D.Gurgenidze, Z.Hernitz, M.Prcic, A.Selivanov,
3. WCSC: M.Klasinc Spokesman, U.Avner, M.Kolcák, P.Murdzia,
4. FIDE-Album: K.Widlert Spokesman, U.Avner, b.ellinghoven, H.Gruber,
5. Qualifications: I.Vandemeulebroucke Spokesman, H.Harkola, A.Mikholap,
6. Computer Matters: T.Maeder Spokesman, P.Einat, B.Enemark, Z.Janevski,
7. Studies: J.Roycroft Spokesman, Y.Afek, G.Costeff, D.Gurgenidze, N.Kralin
8. Codex: G.Büsing Spokesman, B.Formanek, C.Sydenham, K.Widlert
9. Judging: J.Rice Spokesman, U.Avner, J.Roycroft
10. Terminology: B.Formánek Spokesman, J.Brabec, M.Dragoun
§6 Notification of Proposals, and Sub-Committee Business
Discussion of the proposals were allocated to the Subcommittees or Working
Parties as follows:
6.1 J.Rice, U.Avner (Award of titles for composing): WCCT, WCCI, Qualifications,
6.2 U.Avner (International Solving Tourney): Working Party of P.Bakker (spokesman),
6.3 J.Roycroft (Qualification for the title of International Judge): Qualifications,
6.4 J.Rice, M.Klasinc (Changes to rules for the WCSC): WCSC
6.5 J.Roycroft (Use of "oracle" databases by study composers): Open
meeting to be conducted by J.Roycroft, with Studies and Judging represented
6.6 W.Rosolak, P.Murdzia (European Solving Championship): Working Party of
P.Murdzia (spokesman), M.Dragoun, M.Klasinc, M.Kolcák and M.Kovacevic
The Spokesmen for the Subcommittees then outlined the work that each expected
to carry out, and a timetable for meetings was drawn up.
§7 Brief Reports by Delegates on activities during
Great Britain (J.Rice). Another successful residential weekend was held
in April 2004 in Pitlochry. Brian Stephenson has just published Selected
Stocchi 2. Russia (J.Vladimirov). Two books had been published, one
a full record of the PCCC Congress in Moscow 2003, and the other, 1000 chess
puzzles by Jakov Vladimirov. Ukraine (E.Reitsen). The first issue
of a new magazine Vertikal appeared, as did the 2003 Annual and a new
dictionary of chess composition terms. Italy (F.Simoni): Prof. Oscar
Bonivento published Opera completa di Giorgio Guidelli. Slovakia
(B.Formánek): A meeting was held in Spišská Nová Ves,
and composing matches were organised against the Ukraine and the Czech Republic.
A brochure about the Fairy condition SAT was published. France (M.Caillaud):
The meeting at Messigny took place as usual. Some new young composers have emerged
thanks to the France-Echecs website. Croatia (Z.Hernitz): A composing
match Saxony v Croatia has been organised. Serbia and Montenegro (M.Kovacevic):
The first International Open Solving Championship of Serbia and Montenegro took
place in Belgrade during June. In July the 3rd European Youth Chess Problem
Solving Championship was staged during the over-the-board championships, with
65 solvers. Serbia and Montenegro also regularly hold Under-14 and Under-18
solving championships. A booklet of problems by 92-year-old Ziva Tomic was published. Belgium (I.Vandemeulebroucke): Efforts were being made to have chess
recognised as a sport in Belgium. A book of Marcel Segers’ compositions is in
preparation. An international meeting of study composers was held. Netherlands
(P. le Grand): Meetings were held in Nunspeet and The Hague. Czech Republic
(M.Dragoun): 3 solving tournaments under WCSC conditions were held. Two collections
were published, of helpmates by V.Buñka, and of selfmates by J.Jelínek.
§8 Sub-Committees: Reports and Discussion
1. WCCT (World Chess Composition Tourney)
7th WCCT. Director Zivko Janevski was congratulated on his work and
for the quick appearance of the award brochure. The new judging system had worked
well, attracting less criticism than before, and will remain in place for the
8th WCCT. Uri Avner and his Subcommittee were also congratulated on the successful
arrangements for the 7th WCCT. A brochure from GM Valentin Rudenko regarding
the 7th WCCT was circulated to delegates.
8th WCCT. Hans Gruber was appointed Director of the 8th WCCT. This time,
judging countries would be asked to comment on all competing problems, and the
marks for all problems would be circulated to the judging countries to permit
reconsideration of scoring. After the award is published, all marks will be
given on the PCCC website; indeed, this will be done for the 7th WCCT. Member
countries were asked to indicate their willingness to judge in particular sections
of the 8th WCCT. Despite several delegates supporting the idea, spokesman Uri
Avner said the Subcommittee did not favour the publication of names of individual
judges, on the grounds that each country is given a free hand to find its own
judges and judging method, and that certain methods may preclude the precise
naming of individual judges and their relative contribution to the final award.
Moreover, the quality of the submitted awards was the judging countries’ responsibility,
rather than that of any individual judges. A proposal to exclude the lowest
mark given to each competing problem was rejected by the Subcommittee. Uri Avner
appealed for themes for the 8th WCCT, to be sent to him 2 months before the
2. WCCI (World Championship in Composing for Individuals)
Marko Klasinc announced his retirement as spokesman of the Subcommittee, and
was thanked for his work in getting it started. However, no-one volunteered
during the week to replace him.
2nd WCCI. Director Mike Prcic reported that he had received entries
from about 220 composers. The aim was for judges to complete their work by 31/3/2005,
and for the director’s work to be done by 1/6/2005, in time to report to the
next Congress. A number of suggestions for improvements were made, but these
could be considered when the 3rd WCCI comes to be organised. A suggestion that
joint composers be allowed to compete as a pair was considered but rejected.
3. WCSC (World Chess Solving Championship)
Director Brian Stephenson announced the results of 28th WCSC, Halkidiki.
Team: 1. Israel 162/180 pts.; 2. Great Britain 154.5; 3. Finland
153.5; 4. Poland 143.5; 5. Serbia & Montenegro 133.5; 6. Netherlands 131.5.
Individual: 1. John Nunn (Great Britain) 84/90 pts.; 2. Piotr
Murdzia (Poland) 82.5; 3. Ram Soffer (Israel) 81.5; 4. Jorma Paavilainen (Finland)
73.5; 5. Marjan Kovacevic (Serbia & Montenegro) 72.5; 6. Noam Elkies (Israel)
70.5. (82 solvers plus 3 unofficial)
The President congratulated Brian Stephenson and his team of Peter Bakker, Ward
Stoffelen and Neal Turner on a very successful event. The Director in turn thanked
the Greek organisers for providing excellent solving conditions, but expressed
disappointment at receiving so few suitable originals from composers for use
in the WCSC. The idea of holding a tourney to attract such originals was mooted.
Proposal 6.4. A proposal that the present wording in Paragraph 7.2
of the rules of the WCSC ("The use of computers or computer boards during
solving is forbidden") be replaced by "The use of all electronic or
technological aids which can help in solving is forbidden", was approved nem con. A further proposal, by Marko Klasinc, that a Fairy round be
included in the WCSC, with the best 6 rounds out of 7 counting for the final
result, did not receive majority support in the Subcommittee. Marko postponed
his proposal, but would like to see the idea tried out in some solving tournaments.
In addition, some recommendations were made re helpmates in the WCSC: multiple
solutions preferable to twins, a reasonable number of solutions altogether,
and some thematic relationship between the solutions.
Marko Klasinc asked for all results of solving tournaments to be sent to him,
so that he, Harri Hurme and Marek Kolcák could use them for rating purposes.
He and the President also suggested that in future the WCSC Subcommittee be
renamed the Solving Subcommittee, so that its remit might cover other events,
such as the proposed European Chess Solving Championship.
4. FIDE Albums
FIDE Album 1995-1997. Spokesman Kjell Widlert welcomed the appearance
of this new Album. The number of index pages had been reduced by 150, while
the number of compositions had increased.
FIDE Album 1998-2000. Several sections had already been completed. The
director of the Fairies section (Kjell Widlert) had been replaced by Christian
Poisson, with Cedric Lytton being added as judge.
FIDE Album 2001-2003. It had been decided to split the Helpmate section
(which in the previous Album had attracted 2500+ entries) into 2 parts – for
H#2s and for all longer stipulations. The tacit approval of the Commission was
given for this, which had necessitated the recruitment of more judges.
In reply to Jakov Vladimirov, Kjell Widlert said that he hoped to speed up the
publication of Albums. The greatest part of the time was spent in the judging
process. The electronic submission of entries is dependent on progress made
by the Computer Matters Subcommittee.
The problem of excessive submissions by certain composers was discussed. A stronger
recommendation to limit entries would be made to composers. Questions such as
the points tariff for studies, the status of the Annexe, and annual publication
of the Albums were considered without any decisions being made. It was mentioned
that a document containing instructions to FIDE Album directors and judges would
be put on the PCCC website. The Subcommittee reiterated that it did not approve
the publication of selected compositions, e.g. on a website, before the appearance
of the printed Album.
The title of International Judge of the FIDE for Chess composition was
László Ányos (Hungary) Helpmates
Wolfgang Dittmann (Germany) Retros
Vasil Dyachuk (Ukraine) Twomovers
Nicolae Micu (Romania) Studies
Aleksandr Mikholap (Belarus) Moremovers, Selfmates
Frank Müller (Germany) Selfmates
Evgeny Reitsen (Ukraine) Helpmates
Sergei Nikolaevich Tkachenko (Ukraine) Studies
Vladimir Zheltonozhko (Russia) Twomovers
The above takes account of the Commission’s approval of judging in the FIDE-Album
as a valid award for title purposes.
The title of International Solving Grandmaster of the FIDE was awarded
John Nunn (Great Britain)
Dolf Wissmann (Netherlands)
The title of International Solving Master of the FIDE was awarded to:
Kostas Prentos (Greece)
The title of FIDE Solving Master was awarded to:
Vladimir Blokhin (Russia)
Valery Krivenko (Ukraine)
Colin McNab (Great Britain)
Anatoly Mukoseev (Russia)
Oleg Pervakov (Russia)
Vladimir Podinic (Serbia & Montenegro)
Kohey Yamada (Japan)
In addition, the following 1st norms have been achieved in various competitions: GM: A.Azhusin (Russia), K.Prentos (Greece); IM: M.Klasinc (Slovenia),
C.McNab (Great Britain) and K.Yamada (Japan); FM: V.Crisan (Romania),
R.Krolikowski (Poland), A.Lebedev, A.Leontiev, V.Lipovsky (all Russia), N.Mendrinos,
A.Papastavropoulos (both Greece), I.Spiric (Serbia & Montenegro), M.Vanka
Following publication of the FIDE Album 1995-1997, the title of Grandmaster
of the FIDE for Chess Composition was awarded to:
Unto Heinonen (Finland)
Jean-Marc Loustau (France)
Mikhail Marandyuk (Ukraine)
Waldemar Tura (Poland)
The title of International Master of the FIDE for Chess Composition
was awarded to:
Wieland Bruch (Germany)
Aleksandr Kislyak (Ukraine)
Zoltan Labai (Slovakia)
Torsten Linß (Germany)
Vyacheslav Pilchenko (Russia)
Nikolai Ryabinin (Russia)
Ivan Soroka (Ukraine)
Marcel Tribowski (Germany)
The title of FIDE Master for Chess Composition was awarded to:
Aleksandr Bakharev (Russia)
Robert Burger (USA)
Gady Costeff (Israel)
Gábor Cseh († Hungary)
Vasil Dyachuk (Ukraine)
Paz Einat (Israel)
Zoran Gavrilovski (Macedonia)
Henk le Grand (Netherlands)
Michael Herzberg (Germany)
Aharon Hirschenson (Israel)
Michal Hlinka (Slovakia)
Jorge Kapros (Argentina)
Emil Klemanic (Slovakia)
Leonid Makaronez (Israel)
Markus Manhart Germany)
Árpád Molnár (Hungary)
Milivoj Nešic (Serbia & Montenegro)
Sergei Nikolaevich Tkachenko (Ukraine)
Alexander Zidek (Austria)
Volker Zipf (Germany)
Thorsten Zirkwitz (Germany)
The above awards are all subject to ratification by FIDE.
The President congratulated all the successful title-winners. He thanked retiring
spokesman Ignaas Vandemeulebroucke for his work on the Sub-Committee, and also
as Delegate for Belgium.
6. Computer Matters
Spokesman Thomas Maeder spoke about how the Subcommittee could help to reduce
anticipations through improved access to databases. A list of which sources
had already been incorporated into databases should be given on the PCCC website.
They also considered the establishment of correct forms of composers’ names
and sources in a directory. Thomas had himself begun to write a program to convert
formats and thus help the electronic transmission of problems. A suggestion
from Jakov Vladimirov that the Subcommittee should endorse one particular solving
program to ensure consistency of solutions was considered impractical.
Spokesman John Roycroft reported discussion of the Study of the Year project.
Although he himself had found a poor response from newspaper columnists, a majority
on the Subcommittee remained keen to continue with it.
Proposal 6.5. John Roycroft reported on the special meeting convened
to discuss the proposal, "That a studies tourney judge be entitled to take
any action, including disqualification, if he knows or suspects that a position
important for a solution was, or could have been taken or ‘mined` from an ‘oracle`
database (or equivalent), unless such use had been declared by the composer
before the closing date". A good discussion had taken place, but those
present had not supported the proposal.
John Roycroft announced his retirement as Spokesman, to be succeeded by Yochanan
Afek. The President praised John’s enthusiastic and dedicated work over very
many years on behalf of studies for the PCCC and the world of the endgame study
Spokesman Günter Büsing reported that Igor Vereshchagin had resigned from the
Subcommittee. Resolution of two questions from Jakov Vladimirov regarding Codex
Articles relating to Short Solution and Duals was ongoing. He hoped these would
be resolved next year.
Proposal 6.3. The President reported the view of the Subcommittee that
judging in the FIDE-Album should be acceptable among the 6 awards that had to
be presented when applying for the title of International Judge. This was confirmed
by the full Commission, voting 28 for, 1 against, with 1 abstention.
A paper by Bedrich Formánek regarding chess motifs would be sent to delegates
with these Minutes (see Appendix I). The Subcommittee
was willing to help with the definition of themes for the 8th WCCT.
§9 Other Proposals: Working Parties
Proposal 6.6 (European Chess Solving Championship). Piotr Murdzia spoke
on behalf of the Working Party. The ECSC was desirable as an event exclusively
for solvers (as distinct from the WCSC which is only part of a problemists’
week). It would give the opportunity to test solvers before selection for the
WCSC, and would comprise competitions for teams, individuals, women and solvers
under 23. It would not conflict with national championships, and would take
place several months before the WCSC. Poland was willing to organise the first
ECSC in 2005 (discussions with possible sponsors had already taken place) and
Marjan Kovacevic felt sure that the second ECSC could be staged in Serbia &
Montenegro in 2006. By a vote of 26 for, 0 against, with 4 abstentions, the
Commission gave approval for the event. A suggestion from David Gurgenidze that
the European Chess Union be involved was not thought to be a good idea.
Proposal 6.2 (International Solving Tourney). Axel Steinbrink reported
on behalf of the Working Party. They proposed that a simultaneous solving event
be held on Sunday, January 23, 2005, run by local controllers in various countries.
The central controller, Ward Stoffelen, would select the problems for solving,
and, after local marking had been completed, receive all the solution sheets.
The first event would be in the nature of an experiment, with no norms or rating
points involved. The Working Party would be responsible for the organisation.
The Commission gave approval for the event, voting 22 for, 0 against, with 8
abstentions. Delegates were reminded that it was their responsibility to find
Proposal 6.1 (Award of titles for composing). A proposal from the President
was introduced by Uri Avner, who spoke of the need to widen the opportunities
for composers to gain titles; some outstanding composers had failed to reach
the GM level of 70 points despite clearly meriting the title. It was proposed
to award title-points for performance in the WCCT and the WCCI, the two major
composing tourneys under PCCC control. Reactions from the sub-committees were
mixed, and reservations were expressed about granting title-points retrospectively
(through earlier WCCTs), about easing the threshold for the GM title, and about
the possibility that the same problem might qualify for points in different
contexts. It was pointed out that many strong composers had not competed in
the 1st WCCI. Furthermore, the WCCT could be viewed as unfair to composers in
stronger countries, where it was harder for an individual composer to have a
problem accepted for entry. The implications of the fact that the WCCT is a
thematic tourney were also discussed. The suggestion that problems appearing
in the Album Annexe might be awarded a half-point was rejected on the grounds
that the Annexe is a private publication and might not appear on a regular basis.
Marjan Kovacevic, opposing the proposal, suggested the introduction of a new
tourney for original problems to enable younger composers to gain titles more
quickly, while bernd ellinghoven favoured combining the WCCT and the WCCI into
a single event from which title-points could be gained. A vote on the motion,
"Should the opportunities for gaining points towards the award of titles
be expanded?", was carried by 18 votes to 4 against, with 8 abstentions.
A Working Party of Marjan Kovacevic, bernd ellinghoven, Uri Avner, Bedrich Formánek
and Helmut Zajic was formed to consider the way forward, and the President exercised
his statutory right to join this party. However, the Working Party failed to
achieve unanimity, though it was agreed that the WCCI, as a new competition
not yet fully tested, was inappropriate as a means for the award of title-points.
After further discussion, during which a number of doubts were voiced, the President
stated that there seemed to be little enthusiasm for the original proposal and
so withdrew it. Subsequently he made it clear that, as the Commission had approved
a motion to expand the opportunities for gaining titles for composing, he expected
to see this topic on the Agenda for the PCCC meeting in 2005.
§10 Future meetings of the PCCC and future WCSC
Invitation 2005. Following some criticism of the venue, Michal Dragoun
withdrew the application to stage next year’s Congress in Pardubice, Czech Republic.
Harry Fougiaxis offered to hold the event in Greece again, in Crete or elsewhere,
or even in Halkidiki once more – in early September, at a similar price. The
proposal to hold the Congress in Greece in 2005 was approved by 16 votes to
2 against, with 7 abstentions. Michal Dragoun was thanked for his work in preparing
the Czech application, and was encouraged to make a fresh bid, perhaps for Prague
Invitation 2006. Piet le Grand (Netherlands) offered to hold the 2006
Congress at the Wageningen International Conference Centre, as in 2001. This
would be in celebration of the Dutch Chess Problem Society’s 75th Anniversary.
Jakov Vladimirov (Russia) offered to host the 2006 or 2007 event at Dagomys,
near Sochi. After some discussion the offer of Wageningen for 2006 was accepted
by a vote of 13 for, 5 against, with 8 abstentions.
§11 Other Business
Bedrich Formánek commented that it was essential to have a dedicated Russian
interpreter at the 2005 Congress.
President John Rice thanked all the delegates for their hard work, especially
in the Sub-Committees, which had been very intense. He singled out the spokesmen,
and also his 3 Vice-Presidents. The contribution of our Greek hosts in particular
was praised. They had provided an excellent venue; it had been a wonderful week
and a record number of countries had participated. The meeting was declared
John Rice (President)
Paul Valois (Secretary)